After years without proper waste disposal, Chümoukedima town has finally started a scientific garbage management system. The waste generated will now be segregated at source and transported to a designated collection point where it will be sorted either for recycling or composting depending on the nature of the waste item.
Initiated by the Chümoukedima Town Council (CTC), the new system was started following an extensive yearlong assessment and officially launched on September 2. The system involves household waste segregation, collection by CTC sanitation trucks and transporting to a ‘Material Recovery Facility’ (MRF) set up at the existing garbage disposal site in Chümoukedima ‘A’ village, near Khuovarüü (Khopanala). The MRF was built with material assistance from the PHE.
The new system and supporting facilities was inaugurated by PHE Minister, Jacob Zhimomi at the CTC office, Chümoukedima. It coincided with the inauguration of a renovated CTC Hall and the Minister also flagged off a fleet of CTC Sanitation trucks and launched a booklet of the CTC’s Solid Waste Management Plan.
EAC and CTC Administrator, Thejavizo Nakhro recalled that the pre-existing system of ‘collect and dump’ was inefficient, not environment-friendly and turning the dumping ground into a putrid wasteland. Keeping this in mind, the CTC commissioned a waste assessment exercise with LiFE NGO as the assessing agency. The NGO was tasked with the job of making a comprehensive assessment of the garbage situation in Chümoukedima which resulted in introducing a streamlined urban waste management system, he said.
“If we can achieve a segregation target of 80 percent, I have hope the CTC waste management plant will become an exemplar,” he said
Citing data compiled by the NGO, Nakhro said around 2.4 metric tonnes of waste is collected and disposed per day in Chümoukedima. With a population tipped to be around 32,000-35,000, the 11 CTC wards are estimated to generate around 8 metric tonnes of waste daily.
Though a waste segregating machine is missing in the new system, he said it has the advantage of segregation at source. Organic waste compost has sale potential, while it will tie up with the waste recycling industry to reprocess non-organic and dry waste such as paper, metal, plastic and electronics. Designated chambers in the MRF will serve as accumulation units for the segregated dry waste. Medical waste will go to landfills, pending the acquirement of a machine for processing medical waste.
PHE Minister Zhimomi meanwhile stated that “we must control the dirt that we create.” He discouraged the use of single-use plastic and brought to fore the problem of air pollution from brick kilns, which he said has to be collectively addressed.
As far as water was concerned, he encouraged exploring the possibility of treating and reusing water runoffs from households in irrigation and in the car washing industry.
Zhimomi also launched the official CTC online portal ctc.nagaland.gov.in. the website’s designer/developer RamieTech Solutions described it as “aligned with the Digital India vision” and will be the digital notice board of the CTC. Its eservices for online Trade License Registration, applying Residential Certificate and NOCs and booking cesspool trucks will go functional in October.